Monday, April 30, 2012
Technological Arrogance & Nature’s Might by Rajendra Shende (Chairman TERRE Policy Centre Former Director, UNEP )
Technological Arrogance & Nature’s Might
Rajendra Shende (Chairman TERRE Policy Centre Former Director, UNEP )
100 years on after Titanic disaster and more than one year after the Fukushima disaster, I cannot prevent myself distancing from a thought that technological arrogance of humans by undermining and underestimating the nature’s might is never ending. Addictions die hard. Our addiction for the technological prowess will go away only with us. For last few days I am traveling and crisscrossing Japan and listening to people here. The sound of waves of opinions arising from the turbulent seas surrounding Japan can be heard everywhere.
I read the article in The Japan Times that gives some insight into those reverberating waves of opinions. I quote it here:
“The Titanic and the nuclear fiasco On the night of April 15, 1912, 100 years ago today, the allegedly unsinkable luxury liner RMS Titanic sank in the North Atlantic after hitting an iceberg. Of the ship's 2,200 passengers, 1,500 lost their lives. Since then the Titanic has become an object lesson, an obsession and the subject of countless books and films.
The theories about why the largest and most expensive ship of its time failed in its promise and dropped to the ocean floor are plentiful and diverse. Investigators, researchers and conspiracy theorists have variously blamed the ship's design, the laxness of the crew, the inferior quality of the ship's rivets and hull steel, the poor design of the watertight compartments, record high tides, ocean mirages and of course, the infamous iceberg. Clearly, though, it was no one single cause, but a "perfect storm" of factors. The disaster would have been mitigated, though, by less arrogance and more precaution.
Presenting technology as completely safe, trustworthy or miraculous may seem to be a thing of the past, but the parallels between the Titanic and Japan's nuclear power industry could not be clearer. Japan's nuclear power plants were, like the Titanic, advertised as marvels of modern science that were completely safe. Certain technologies, whether they promise to float a luxury liner or provide clean energy, can never be made entirely safe.
In both cases, contingencies plans failed: the Titanic carried too few lifeboats; Tokyo Electric Power Co. failed to develop evacuation and backup plans for its Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant. The design, construction, materials and safety checks were all compromised. The main difference is that the catastrophic effects of the Fukushima fiasco are more far-reaching and long lasting. The plant's name has already become synonymous with disaster.
Not long after the Titanic sank, the company that built the ship retrofit its other two sister ships with stronger hulls. Was the company admitting a flaw or just being careful? Or were they being, at last, wise? Given what's at stake, the government, Tepco and the rest of Japan's power companies must act prudently and retrofit the nation's other nuclear power plants with stronger safeguards in the short term and, in the long term, concede that other forms of energy are demonstrably safer.
In an article not long after the Titanic sank, writer Joseph Conrad commented on the tragedy by noting the "chastening influence it should have on the self-confidence of mankind." That lesson should be applied to all "unsinkable" undertakings that might profit a few by imperiling the majority of others”.
Rajendra Shende (Chairman TERRE Policy Centre Former Director, UNEP )
Society of Chemical Manufacturers and Affiliates (SOCMA) has said that Specialty chemical manufacturers are trying to decrease the toxic release to the environment
Society of Chemical Manufacturers and Affiliates (SOCMA) has said that Specialty chemical manufacturers are trying to decrease the toxic release to the environment. As a part of the membership the companies have to participate in ChemStewards , under which they have to take continuous environmental improvement program.
News Corporation headquarters in New York City has installed a fuel cell system. This will provide hot water and significant part of the electricity
The Minnesota Chapter of the U.S. Green Building has launched a new initiative. It will collect data and reports from 150 commercial buildings in the state
The Minnesota Chapter of the U.S. Green Building has launched a new initiative. It will collect data and reports from 150 commercial buildings in the state. They will try to assess the energy performance of the buildings. This will help to build a benchmark for LEED-certified buildings in Minnesota.
Ecolab has been awarded the Sustainable Fleet award from the NAFA Fleet Management Association. The company has been able to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions by 22 % since 2006
Ecolab has been awarded the Sustainable Fleet award from the NAFA Fleet Management Association. The company has been able to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions by 22 % since 2006. Ecolab is a $ 11 billion organization. It provides water, hygiene and energy technologies to various sectors. It has over 7000 vehicles.
GreenChill Webinar: Transcritical CO2 Refrigeration Systems - Description: GreenChill will be hosting a webinar that focuses on transcritical CO2 refrigeration systems for supermarkets. The webinar will be led by Rusty Walker from the Hill PHOENIX Learning Center and will build on the February 9 webinar, which provided an introduction to all types of CO2 refrigeration systems. Learn more >> http://www.epa.gov/greenchill/events.html
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Natural Resources Defense Council (blog) - Demand in a video that governments commit to phase down HFCs and other "super greenhouse gases" under the Montreal Protocol. Over 108 countries have already ... Learn more -- http://bit.ly/yE0Us6
* 1st International Chiefs of Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Summit, to be held between 27 – 29 March 2012 at INTERPOL General Secretariat, Lyon, France.
Learn more -- http://bit.ly/rA32jS
* The 30th National Pesticide Forum, Yale University School of Forestry & Environmental Studies New Haven, CT -- March 30-31, 2012, Learn more -- http://www.beyondpesticides.org/forum/
* 10th IIR-Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Working Fluids (GL2012), 25–27 June 2012, Delft, Netherlands, Learn more -- http://bit.ly/AdalFy
* The 103rd IDEA Annual Conference and Trade Show at the Hyatt Regency Chicago will be held from June 30 - July 3, 2012. The theme of the conference is “Cooler, Cleaner Cities”. Learn more http://bit.ly/yWuhSo
* Focus on Large Building Design and Facility Management
ASHRAE Announces Call for Papers for 2013 Winter Conference, January 26-30, Dallas, Texas. The Conference’s technical program will focus on core HVAC&R tracks and, with the re-branding of ASHRAE highlighting its efforts in building technology, the Conference presents timely tracks on Large Building Design and Facility Management…. Learn more -- www.ashrae.org/Dallas
Production planning is critical for bridging the gap in demand.
- Production plan deals with
- Quantities of each product group to be produced in each period
- Desired inventory levels
- Resources of equipment, labor and material needed in each period
- Level of detail is not high, e.g. Production plan will show major product groups or families: bicycles, tricycles or scooters
- Planners must determine the resources needed to meet market demand, comparing the results to resource available, and devising a plan to balance requirements and availability
- Planning horizon is 6 – 18 months, reviewed each month or quarter
- Ultimate objective is to implement the strategic business plan
A report titled “Biogas Plants – A Global Strategic Business Report” has been published by Global Industry Analysts Inc.
Bio-gas plants are increasingly being accepted by the markets. It is accepted to reach about $8.9 billion by 2017. A report titled “Biogas Plants – A Global Strategic Business Report” has been published by Global Industry Analysts Inc. The increase in the gas and energy price is making the increase in prices.
Michaels Stores is a retailer store dealing with arts and crafts. The store has implemented Siemens’ site Controls Energy Management System
Michaels Stores is a retailer store dealing with arts and crafts. The store has implemented Siemens’ site Controls Energy Management System. The store had implemented the system in 2006. It has now rolled out the system in other stores. The system has helped it to reduce energy consumption in more than 1000 stores.
The Department of Justice has filed the criminal charges in connection with the Gulf of Mexico Oil spill
Let’s say, as a sustainability manager in the company, you’ve managed to convince the senior leadership to go ahead with some sustainability strategies that can immediately be employed within the existing operating framework of the company.
Where would you begin? Will you look at changing the bulbs to CFL’s? Would you look at reducing the power consumption of the monitors? Or would you look at abolishing single side printing? Or will you ask your people to start using public transport?
These are nice thoughts to have – noble ones, since they help the cause. You go out all excited and start working towards them and you realize that there’s a brick wall – of attitudes and notions that you alone can’t bring down. And your most altruistic plans or your smart sustainability strategies fail.
Here are top 5 reasons why they fail:
- Communications strategy: Not communicating or improper communication to all stakeholders both internally (employees) and externally (suppliers, key accounts, and anyone who cares to listen) is one of the most important reasons that sustainability strategies fail. For a company that is just starting on sustainability, a more low key approach (under promise over deliver) will be more appropriate than announcing all out or not announcing at all.
- Stimulating demand through proper education: By inviting key customers, decision makers and top influencers in the industry to daylong seminars on your sustainability agenda – be it Design for Environment, Green Building – whatever, will not only educate the people who matter, but also build you up as an expert in the field.
- Culture change: This is “the” reason of why most sustainability strategies fail. Top leadership simply fail to bring a change in culture and environmental values that it wants to stand for. Incorporating those values in all decision making and activities require a strong buy in from the employees or else they may feel betrayed. On the flip side, if this is done properly, these strategies will take a life of their own as they will be driven from bottom-up.
- Spreading yourself too thin: Saying No to lucrative deals is counter business but pro sustainability. By not keeping yourself focused on your core strengths and spreading your self too thin, will eventually stretch your resources to be put in those deals – which potentially may be damaging to your overarching sustainability strategy
- Measurement metric: Choosing the right metric for measuring success of a sustainability strategy is often tricky. Most managers look at the payback and rate of return to set goals and targets. Don’t. Sustainability initiatives don’t have immediate tangible gains. Enthusiasm and retention of employees, repeat customers, its image in the media, suppliers greening themselves – these will be the correct ways to measure the success.
What other reasons do you think cause sustainability strategies to fail? Have you ever encountered any one of these?
Contribtued by Pankaj Arora
Video is on how to use tissue paper (paper towels) for drying hands. It is a small one and can help on the long run in terms of decreasing the usage of tissue paper per person.
The following video is on how to use tissue paper (paper towels) for drying hands. It is a small one and can help on the long run in terms of decreasing the usage of tissue paper per person.
Sunday, April 29, 2012
Japan Likely Gets Feed-In Tariffs for Solar, Wind and Geothermal
Only 1% of Japan’s total power capacity can be sourced back to solar energy. The country’s lack of sufficient subsidies is major factor in this – It has already been known for quite some time that Japan has been looking at feed-in tariffs (FITs) to push solar power to become more affordable.
According to Reuters, Japan proposed 20-year feed-in tariff of 42 yen or $0.52 (per kWh) on April 25, likely starting as soon as July 1.
Mount Komekura Photovoltaic power plant in Kofu, Japan
Twice the amount as in Europe
A feed-in tariff of $0.52 is roughly twice the amount of the FIT-schemes that already have existed for some time in many parts of Europe.
A FIT-scheme is a great strategy to encourage people to put solar on top of their roof and make investing in larger scale renewable farms and plants more attractive for utility-companies. This will not only increase Japan’s total renewable energy capacity, but also bring the prices of renewable energy sources down, hopefully on par with fossil fuels and nuclear.
Wind and geothermal FIT-schemes to follow
If the solar-feed in tariff goes through, wind and geothermal schemes likely is to follow. The proposed rates are 23.1 and 27.3 yen per kWh for wind and geothermal power. If the wind and geothermal power feed-in tariffs will be realized is largely a factor of what the public thinks of the solar feed-in tariff.
Moving away from nuclear
Japan is well known for nuclear, but things have been changing since the Fukushima disaster early last year. It is clear that the new FIT-schemes will push Japan’s energy system away from atomic power in the long run.
A five member Japanese panel will discuss the new solar FIT-scheme and submit recommendations to Trade Minister Yukio Edano, which likely will take the final decision for whether the new tariff will accepted or not in the end of May.
The new feed-in tariffs will most certainly boost the solar industry in Japan. With the addition of geothermal and wind FIT-schemes, the foundations of a flourish renewable energy sector has been laid.
This article is written by Mathias from EnergyInformative, a site that is dedicated to inform people about wind, solar, geothermal and other forms of green energy.
Unilever has released its 2011 sustainability report. It is titled “Sustainable Living Plan Progress Report”.
Arby’s Restaurant Group will work with Ecova. Ecova is a energy and sustainability management company
The Roads from Rio: Lessons Learned from Twenty Years of Multilateral Environmental Negotiation-published by Resources for the Future Press/Routledge) offers first-hand insights by writers who have participated in most of the post-1992 negotiating processes.
“This is how international environmental diplomacy really operates. The authors apply a fine-grained level of resolution that offers new insights into the practice of international environmental politics by multiple actor groups,” said Peter M. Haas, professor of political science at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
The chapters examine the proliferation of multilateral environmental negotiations and meetings, changes in the actors and their roles (governments, nongovernmental organizations, secretariats), the interlinkages of issues, the impact of scientific advice and the challenges of implementation across UN negotiating processes, including the Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Convention to Combat Desertification, the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Commission on Sustainable Development, the Forum on Forests, the chemicals conventions (Stockholm, Basel and Rotterdam), the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, the Convention on Migratory Species and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.… The book is available from Routledge.com or on Amazon.com
SOURCE : Scoop
Missouri University of science and Technology is trying to build a geothermal heat project. This will help the campus to reduce its energy use by 50%.
Missouri University of science and Technology is trying to build a geothermal heat project. This will help the campus to reduce its energy use by 50%. The project is expected to be completed in 2014. The campus is hoping that it will reduce its carbon footprint by 25000 metric tons every year. It will also save about $2.8 million every year for the campus.
Wells Fargo has released the sustainability goals which targets, energy efficiency, GHG emissions, etc.
Tipping the Balance Towards Climate Protection through the HCFC Phase-Out, OzonAction Special Issue 2011
Tipping the Balance Towards Climate Protection through the HCFC Phase-Out, OzonAction Special Issue 2011 The OzonAction Special Issue features articles from international experts on many important issues including those discussed during the Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol. The topics addressed in the OASI 2011 aim at inspiring further actions to protect the ozone layer and climate system, as well as contributing to promoting ‘green energy initiatives’
From : OzoNews, UNEP
Strategic Business Plan of an organization should be in tune with the sustainability goals
- Statement of major goals and objectives
- Runs over the next 2 to 10 years or more
- Statement of broad direction and shows the kind of business the firm wants to do in future
- Product lines
- Markets, etc
- Based on long-range forecasts , which can be Qualitative information
- Provides direction and coordination among marketing, production, financial and engineering plans
- Responsibility of senior management
- Reviewed every 6 months to a year
- Level of detail not high, concerned with total market for major product groups
- Expressed in Dollars rather than units
Ford is experimenting with decommissioned U.S. paper currency, cellulose from trees, grass, coconut and sugar cane can be used to make car components
EPA has brought out a ranking “Top 50 Green Power Partnership rankings” of companies which use the most green power. Intel, Kohl’s, Microsoft and McDonald’s feature in the list
EPA has brought out a ranking “Top 50 Green Power Partnership rankings” of companies which use the most green power. Intel, Kohl’s, Microsoft and McDonald’s feature in the list. Walmart’s California and Texas facilities have been removed from the third and fourth place. This ranking is released every quarter.
ANSI’s Electric Vehicles Standards Panel has developed a Standardization Roadmap for Electric Vehicles
* Report of the Implementation Committee under the Non-Compliance Procedure for the Montreal Protocol on the work of its forty-seventh meeting - UNEP/OzL.Pro/ImpCom/47/6 - (A C E F R S)
* Report of the joint second meeting of the Bureau of the eighth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and first meeting of the Bureau of the Twenty-Second Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (UNEP/OzL.Conv.8/Bur.2/3- UNEP/OzL.Pro.22/Bur.1/3 - (A C E F R S)
* TEAP/TOCS Meetings – Dates and Venues for 2012 @ http://bit.ly/xIwkgj
From : OzoNews, UNEP.
Saturday, April 28, 2012
China will again start approving emission credits. The country will start the approval after a seven month freeze.
Lakshmi N. Mittal is a Billionaire. His company Mittal Energy Investments Pte along with Hindustan Petroleum Corp. has installed a refinery in Bhatinda in Punjab which is close to the Pakistan border
Lakshmi N. Mittal is a Billionaire. His company Mittal Energy Investments Pte along with Hindustan Petroleum Corp. has installed a refinery in Bhatinda in Punjab which is close to the Pakistan border. The refinery cost about $4 billion to build. The Indian Prime Minister will inaugurate the refinery.
Price of Ethanol futures have increased. The price increase in Chicago as the price of corn increased.
Angela Merkel the Chancellor of Germany wil be meeting the executives of the power companies like RWE AG’s Juergen Grossmann
U.S. based natural gas producer Chesapeake Energy Corporation criticized for allowing senior executives to allow to invest in company wells revealed in the Securities and Exchange Commission filings
Chesapeake Energy Corporation is a natural gas producer. It is based out of U.S. The company’s top executives were allowed to invest in the company’s wells. This has drawn lot of criticism. The same is not allowed to other senior managers. This was revealed in the Securities and Exchange Commission filings.
Chisinau, March 6. /MOLDPRES/. Romania will back environmental projects in Moldova meant to cut greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to climate changes. To this end, the neighbour state will earmark 15 million euros out of 100 million euros, provided as non-refundable financial support under an agreement the Romanian and Moldovan governments signed in Bucharest on 27 April 2010.
The Moldovan Environment Ministry today said this is stipulated in the Moldovan-Romanian inter-ministerial joint declaration on the development and implementation of projects in the field of ozone layer protection and combating climate changes, signed by the sides in Iasi, Romania, on 3 March 2012. An additional protocol on the amendment of the agreement is to be signed on the basis of this declaration.
The authorities in charge of coordinating the implementation of the agreement and additional protocol for projects of environmental protection and climate change are the Environment Ministry of Moldova and the Environment and Forests Ministry from Romania.
In CR Reporting Awards for the year 2011 Coca-Cola Enterprises has taken the top award for their report “Committed to 2020: Shaping a Sustainable Future in Europe.”
Head of Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA) said that it was not proper to compare the role of the environmental regulatory body to the Roman conquerors
The head of Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA) said that it was not proper to compare the role of the environmental regulatory body to the Roman conquerors. In a two year old video Al Armendariz who is the head of the EPA’s Region 6 was seen as speaking with poor choice of words. This has also prompted a trigger from Republican lawmakers.
Shares of Waltham, Massachusetts, U.S. A123 Systems Inc. rose after U.S. Army inducted vehicles which used the company’s products.
TransAlta Corporation is an electricity producer in Canada has abandoned a project for capturing and storing emissions at the Alberta based coal –fired power plant
TransAlta Corporation is an electricity producer in Canada. It is publicly traded. It had planned for a project for capturing and storing emissions. The project was planned for the Alberta based coal –fired power plant . However the company has not abandoned the project. This will have serious effect on the global carbon dioxide capture and storage industry.
STRATEGIC BUSINESS PLAN
Inputs : It takes inputs from Marketing, Finance, Production & Engineering
Long range forecasts
Outputs : Broad direction/Mission, Product lines etc. These are mainly company’s objectives in long term.
Inputs : It takes input as Business Plan, Financial Plan, Market Plan, Capacity etc.
Outputs : Aggregate Plan : By product groups and Inventory Levels.
MASTER PRODUCTION SCHEDULE
Inputs : It takes input as Production Plan, Forecasts, Customer Orders, Inventory, Capacity. Capacity is to check whether it would be able to manufacture sufficient amount or not.
Outputs : Detailed Plan: By week and at end item level.
MATERIAL REQUIREMENT PLAN
Inputs : It takes input as MPS, Bill of Materials Inventory, Capacity
Outputs : Time phased purchase orders: For raw materials and components
Friday, April 27, 2012
“The Road to 2020: Corporate Progress on the Ceres Roadmap for Sustainability” was conducted by Ceres along with Sustainalytics
The analysis of 600 U.S. companies was released today. The study which was titled “The Road to 2020: Corporate Progress on the CeresRoadmap for Sustainability” was conducted by Ceres along with Sustainalytics, which is a global research firm. The groups of companies studied were not up to the expectations in the four categories they have studied.
Jason Foster is the founder and chief reuser of Replenish. She is speaking to Packaging Digest editor Lisa Pierce at Packaging 2012 conference in Orlando, Florida
Jason Foster is the founder and chief reuser of Replenish. She is speaking to Packaging Digest editor Lisa Pierce. The video has been recorded at Packaging 2012 conference in Orlando, Florida. They talk about the opportunities and challenges in reusable packing.
Wind turbine maker Suzlon Energy Ltd. has plans to raise about $500 million to repay its debt which is maturing
U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA )climate change scientist James Hansen says put a price on carbon emission to control global warming
The price on carbon will discourage industries and economies. This is the best way to control the global warming. This was expressed by James Hansen. He is a climate change scientist at the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA ). An average reduction of 6% every year is required to stabilize the increase in temperature according to him. This might require investment of $500 billion across the globe every year.
Engineering Plan is developed continuously over a period of time. The plan is responsible for R&D and designing new products
Engineering Plan is developed continuously over a period of time. The plan is responsible for R andD and designing new products. It also decides if modifications are made to the existing plan. The plan is build in consultation with the marketing and production team. The objective to designing products, which will be accepted by the customers. Also the manufacturing process should be easy. This plan also dove tails into the Strategic Business Plan.
The evolution and objectives of Marketing Plan for maximum impact:
- Arises out of analysis of the Marketplace
- Determines which markets to serve?
- Determines which products to supply?
- Establishes the desired customer service levels
- Determines the pricing and promotion strategies and so on
- Strives to meet the Strategic business plan objectives
elearning-training.com goes Russian for the United Nations Environmental Programme ECA Network meeting
elearning-training.com goes Russian for the United Nations Environmental Programme ECA Network meeting
elearning-training.com will supply members attending the annual meeting of the Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia (ECA) with access to the award-winning elearning courses in both English and Russian
London, UK (PRWEB) February 29, 2012 - The meeting will be celebrated in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan from the 27 to the 30 March 2012 and will be focused at working towards sustained HCFC reductions, promoting integrated solutions in the building sector and exploring e-learning tools for refrigeration and air conditioning engineers, service technicians and architects.
The conference will point out the potential benefits from linking the concept of sustainable buildings and/or cities to phase-out of HCFCs under the Montreal Protocol. It is expected that the summits impulse cooperation between city planners, architects and civil engineers in the refrigeration and air conditioning sector to design integrated solutions for heating & cooling including not-in-kind technologies and the use of waste and renewable energies.
Prior to the formal meetings, the attendees including Ozone Officers, RAC experts and selected architects will be given access to an interactive module in the EU Regulations that came into force in July 2006 to address the use of Fluorinated gases which affect the refrigeration and air conditioning industry worldwide. The content is presented in a state of the art course, containing the most relevant information in a summarised, understandable and easy to follow format, full of interactive content and animations, videos and reference material produced by industry experts. These have been accredited for CPD (Continuing Professional Development) by The Chartered Institution of Building Service Engineers and the Construction CPD Certification Service. It is expected that the candidates would do the e-learning course and examination in either English or Russian before the meeting in their respective home countries.
Those who successfully complete the material will be awarded a Diploma during the workshop that will be carried out to address any questions regarding the learning material, the different e-learning modules or the training approaches - combination of theoretical and practical training- available. The delivery of technical qualifications such as the European F-Gas Regulations using a mixture of elearning training and on-site assessment has already proven successful in countries like the UK and Sweden and it is rapidly expanding to the rest of Europe.
It is expected that the familiarisation session will demonstrate to the members of the ECA network the usefulness, applicability and cost-efficiency of such courses in their respective countries.
elearning-training.com offers interactive courses in different topics and all of them are available via the website; The refrigeration course includes modules in Thermodynamics, the Vapour Compression Cycle, Gas properties and Laws and Pressure and Pressure Measurement. Also available are the air conditioning course, the CO2 Refrigeration course, the F-gas Regulations Course and the recently launched Pressure Testing course.
Mercuria Energy Trading SA is commodity trading company, based out of Geneva. It is closely held. The company is planning to sell about 20% of the company’s stake. The company is about eight year old. The company is planning to expand in metals and agriculture. It is expanding operations in China and U.K.
Planning hierarchy, as we move from the strategic planning to the material requirements planning through the various planning levels
In the planning hierarchy, as we move from the strategic planning to the material requirements planning through the various planning levels:
1.The purpose of the plans change from a broad general strategic direction to detailed component plans
2.The planning horizon decreases from years to months to days
3. The level of detail increases from general product categories to specific individual Components
4. The planning review periods decrease from monthly reviews to daily reviews
5. The resource requirements change from determining general resource availability to calculating detailed labour and equipment resource requirements.
As an update to my earlier piece, “Will Unilever’s Sustainable Living Plan drive costs out?“, here are a few suggestions post the event on 24th April, that marked a special day for Unilever launching its first update on its Sustainable Living Plan and sharing its progress with the key stakeholders through out the world in Delhi, London, São Paulo, Washington and Rotterdam. I had the privilege to be a part of the Delhi’s event where Dr. Veerappa Moily, Hon’ble Minister for Corporate Affairs, and Nitin Paranjpe, CEO and MD of Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL), unveiled the Unilever Sustainable Living Plan progress report for 2011.
The meeting had an overall feel-good factor associated with the release of the report with the underlying feeling coming out loud and clear – “Increased consumption” albeit a sustainable one as per Unilever. Reaching out to 30 million people with Lifebuoy soap hand washing program and reaching another 30 million with access to safe drinking water through Pureit, a in-home water purifier - calls for a stupendous increase in the sales of its products (but they do create a positive social impact). One of the major highlights of the progress is that Unilever has found a way to convert the massive sachet trash into energy.
Doubling the size of a business whilst halving the environmental impact is a fantastic goal to have. In fact, it is the holy grail of sustainability – if Unilever or for that matter any company is able to do that i.e, decouple growth with emissions, then the world would’ve solved the challenge of our times (temporarily). It hinges on various factors – technology, economics and politics. All three need to gel well for the goal to be materialized.
As opposed to the common view, the challenge of sustainability is not the overpopulation in the developing world but over-consumption in the developed world. While it is worthy of Unilever to reach out in the BOP market and pull people out of poverty, give them access to health, hygiene and proper nutrition, what can a company like Unilever do to ask people to stop consuming in the developed world (read Patagonia’s “Don’t buy this Jacket campaign”) - after all we don’t need 30 varieties of toothpastes to brush our teeth with or another 30 varieties of soap to wash our hands with.
I’m not opposed to Unilever or any other company in this space - that’s their business and they do it really well! The question is when will this consumption-based growth model in the business world change?
When will we stop flooding our markets with products we don’t really need, and decouple growth with consumption?
In any case we look at, sustainable consumption will eventually reach its tipping point further straining our resources (even after sustainability gets embedded) because then that many people will have become “consumers” wanting to live like the developed world - only we will have delayed the problem a few more years.
Anyhow, getting back to more pragmatic solutions, I think here are 7 suggestions that a company like Unilever can do with to deliver sustainable consumption:
- Personal Carbon Allowance/Carbon labelling: Coca Cola and Carbon Trust are researching in this area whereby a company will have a carbon footprint of each product printed on products for people to see their carbon use and enable them to not exceed their own personal carbon allowance for the day. Read the report here.
- Collaborative consumption and eco-system sharing of resources: Coke’s PET bottles instead of ending up as waste are sold to Patagonia as raw material for making their Polar fleece ( a classic Cradle to Cradle approach)
- Decouple pay with performance and link it to sustainable habits (this is a big one – a challenge for HR guys)
- Tackle Green-washing issue in the market (mis-leading consumers by printing false “green” claims)
- Publish A+ GRI report: Quickly move from B+ GRI reporting to A+ rating (infact I was surprised when I found out that Unilever is a B+ reporter)
- Renounce quarterly reporting: Use its clout and size to influence the media, government and industry at-large to do away with quarterly reporting (as it has done in creating MSC, RSPO etc.)
- Mandate environmental reporting: Start reflecting the externalities caused by producing products (deforestation, floods, displaced communities, and even diseases caused by coming in contact with products) into their financials by creating a seperate cost category for environmental costs so that products and processes that have high environmental costs are not hidden from the decision makers – to help see where value is added and where it is destroyed (for example, use of Activity based costing)
These will also be shared with Unilever at their Sustainable Living Lab, a 24 hour online discussion to be held on 25th April that will bring together a cross-section of people from governments, NGOs and businesses to contribute their thoughts and respond to ideas from others (dialogue facilitated by GlobeScan, an independent research consultancy). Lot of ideas will be generated, lot of suggestions will be put forth – but will they deliver sustainable consumption…that remains to be seen.
Contributed by: Pankaj Arora.
Thursday, April 26, 2012
Capacity Requirements planning determines the detailed requirements of the amount of labour and equipment resources needed to achieve the production of components planned by the material requirements pla
Capacity Requirements planning determines the detailed requirements of the amount of labour and equipment resources needed to achieve the production of components planned by the material requirements plan. Material requirements plan is the final level of the planning hierarchy and forms the inputs for the execution functions of production and purchasing.
The World Television Awards 2012
The 2012 World TV Awards, organized by the Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development (AIBD) in collaboration with UNEP OzonAction Programme, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP), is now open to all broadcasters in Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America and the Pacific from public, private sector and freelance producers.
From : OzoNews, UNEP.
Material Requirements Planning : The master production schedule plans for the end item requirements by time period.
Material Requirements Planning : The master production schedule plans for the end item requirements by time period. Each end item is made up of a number of manufactured and purchased components. Material requirements plan is a plan for determining and scheduling the production and purchase of the various components of the end items necessary to support the master production schedule.
Representatives from various governments, universities, non-government and international organizations met to discuss critical issues related to illegal trade in environmentally sensitive commodities today at the 12th Asian Regional Partners Forum on Combating Environmental Crime (ARPEC) in Bangkok, Thailand. The meeting was organized by the United Nations Environment Programme Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (UNEP-ROAP).
Asia has become a hub for environmental crime activities such as illegal dumping of hazardous waste or illicit trade of its natural resources and this places a huge strain on sustainable development, people’s health, biodiversity and the overall carrying capacity of its environment.
“ARPEC provides a platform for organizations that work on combating multiple forms of environmental crimes to cooperate together and build effective and proactive response strategies through mutual cooperation and intelligence sharing among agencies around the world,” said Mr. Atul Bagai, Senior Regional Coordinator of the OzonAction Programme, UNEP-ROAP.
The 12th ARPEC meeting primarily focused on how to map and quantify illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods. Presentation by the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) highlighted information about initiatives that help in identifying routes used in trade of Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS). Basel Action Network (BAN), Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), Netherlands’ Human Environment and Transport Inspectorate and TRAFFIC shared information focusing on ways to classify illegal trade in hazardous waste and on approaches to monitor wildlife crime from source to market respectively. Australia Institute of Criminology (AIC) and Australia National University (ANU) presented methodologies and lessons learned in quantifying illegal trade. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) briefed its report on Transnational Organized Crime Threat Assessment (TOCTA). CITES Secretariat updated on the International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime (ICCWC).
Apart from the above mentioned presenters, attendees included: Association of Southeast Asian Nations Wildlife Enforcement Network (ASEAN-WEN); Freeland Foundation; INTERPOL; Lovewildlife; International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW); Office of Security Development (OSD); University of Sheffield; United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); and World Customs Organization Regional Intelligence Liaison Office for Asia and the Pacific (WCO RILO A/P), WCO Regional Office for Capacity Building (ROCB) Read more > http://bit.ly/waeten
From: UNEP, OzoNews
From: UNEP, OzoNews
Master Production Schedule : Master production schedule is a plan for the production of individual end items.
Master Production Schedule : Master production schedule is a plan for the production of individual end items. The production plan determines the manufacturing output for families or groups of products by time periods. The master production schedule breaks down the production plan into the plan for manufacturing individual end items by time period. For each individual end item, master production schedule takes into consideration the forecast, actual customer orders, desired inventory levels and capacity in determining the master production schedule requirements. The master production schedule hence acts as an interface between production and marketing functions. Rough-cut capacity planning helps in identifying and evaluating the bottleneck resources involved in achieving the master production schedules.
Japanese government is trying to boost investments into the renewable energy market. This will also help the country to move out of its dependency of nuclear power
The Japanese government is trying to boost investments into the renewable energy market. This will also help the country to move out of its dependency of nuclear power. The government has decided to give solar power producers about 42 yen or 52 U.S. cents for every a kilowatt-hour for the electricity they produce.
Production Planning : Production plans include the planning of the manufacturing facilities required to support the business plan
Production Planning : Production plans include the planning of the manufacturing facilities required to support the business plan. Production plans determine the overall level of the manufacturing output broken down by quarterly or monthly time periods and ensures the integration between the production function and the business plan. Production plans are responsible for setting the overall production objectives and determine the production rates, desired inventory levels and resource requirements. The resource requirements plan determines the requirements of the key resources and evaluates the availability of these key resources to achieve the production plan.
Strategic Planning : Strategic plans are high level plans based on the overall organizational perspective and are devised by the top management of the company
Strategic Planning : Strategic plans are high level plans based on the overall organizational perspective and are devised by the top management of the company. They extend into longer periods into the future, usually 2 to 10 years and talk about the strategic direction of the firm. The strategic plans address the competitive characteristics of the firm and establish the long-term objectives in terms of the markets served, types of products etc., Planning for the necessary resources becomes an integral part of the strategic planning process.
Manufacturing companies produce a wide variety of products. Each manufacturing company differs from the other in the type and number of products manufactured, the processes and equipment used, the labour skills and materials required etc., To be profitable, every manufacturing company must produce the right goods at the required time and of right quality and at minimum costs.
The system which helps every manufacturing company in attaining profitability by planning and coordinating the various resources of the company, by linking the several functions involved and which forms the core of practically every manufacturing company is the ‘manufacturing planning system’.
David Cameron who is the U.K. Prime Minister said that wind and solar companies should be trying to become competitive
David Cameron who is the U.K. Prime Minister said that wind and solar companies should be trying to become competitive. They should not depend on government aid and financial subsidies. The investments into the sector in U.K. have grown to about 4.7 billion pounds or $7.6 billion last year which have supported about 15000 jobs.
Mexico is planning to encourage private investments in oil and gas. The country has the third largest reserve in Latin America
Mexico is planning to encourage private investments in oil and gas. The country has the third largest reserve in Latin America. Enrique Pena Nieto is expected to win the next Presidential election. He is trying to promote the new policy which he says will help the country to develop the oil and gas sector. Till now the state oil company Petroleos Mexicanos had the monopoly with $126 billion in revenue.
With the deregulation of electricity in some states such as Texas and Pennsylvania, consumers have the luxury of choosing their energy company from a competitive field. The advantages of this for the consumer are obvious. Still, sifting through all the available options can be a bit daunting, even confusing. We’ve put together a list of ten ways to get a better than advertised deal on electricity:
- Compare – Use a price comparison website like WhiteFence or ChooseEnergy, to find the best deals in your area. Make sure you’ve determined whether those prices are based on fixed, variable, or indexed rates before choosing.
- Compete – Once you’ve determined all of the rates for each available service provider, you can of course leverage offers from competing utility companies against one another in order to get a better rate. Competition gives you control over rates to an extent.
- Bundle – Consider bundling your services whenever possible. Some utilities offer more than one service, and are usually cheaper when the consumer elects to purchase a package deal over just one service.
- Bonus – Look for Rewards or Referral programs you can leverage to get a better than advertised deal also. You may be able to garner some wiggle room if you can earn some energy conservation points or refer a neighbor.
- Efficiency – Some energy providers will give discounted rates to consumers whose homes have a high energy efficiency rating. If your home uses less energy, this can earn you a better price for it from your utility company.
- Co-op – Co-op utilities in some areas offer advantages to their members. When a utility is essentially owned, or subsidized by’ a co-operative of members, that means the rates will vary based upon usage. When members have conserved energy, they receive compensation.
- Bargain – Negotiate with the salesperson. Often the advertised rates have a good deal of wiggle room. If you know how to dicker and have done your homework on pricing, you can negotiate rates significantly lower than those advertised.
- Join together – Deal with the utility companies as a collective of homeowners if you live in a subdivision. A homeowners association will have much better leverage working together than an individual consumer shopping alone.
- Online – Online marketplaces like CurrentChoice can help you find the best deals available. They can often find competitive prices that consumers aren’t aware of, plus they coordinate the switch to the new service provider for you – free of charge.
- Green – Switch to a renewable form of energy if possible. Renewable energy is less expensive and, because of its green factor, is typically loaded with incentives for the consumer who chooses it over non-renewable energy options.
Contributed by: Katherine Tworsey